Return to Top
Glove Sizing Chart
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z

Abrasion Resistance: A glove's durability against wear.

Allergen Content: Measure of glove's known allergy issues relating to its construction.

Ambidextrous: Gloves that can be interchangeably used on left or right hand.

AQL: Acceptable Quality Level standard.

ASTM: Association of Testing Materials International develops international standards for materials, products, systems and services used in construction, manufacturing and transportation.

B Grade: Medical-grade gloves that have been rejected, sometimes resold as multipurpose-grade gloves. Also a grade commonly used for a middle quality leather glove.

Barrier Integrity/Protection: Glove's ability to serve as a protective barrier for a worker.

Ball & Tape Fastener: External wrist strap used to tighten fit of full leather.

Band Top: Band of material used as cuff on a glove.

Belly Leather: Leather that is strong, resistant and adequately soft for use in gloves.

Binding: Narrow material used to taper a glove's cuff, such as on drivers' and red lined jersey styles.

Bleed: Dye transfer from glove fabric to wearer's hands.

Boardy: Stiff glove construction that limits flexibility and dexterity; typically used to describe stiff leather.

Brushed Tricot: Supple, knitted nylon tricot bound to polyfoam for extra warmth and comfort.

CE: Critical Environments; another name for a clean manufacturing environment.

Chemical Resistance: A glove's ability to resist a specific substance agent.

Chlorination: Cleaning of gloves to provide fewer allergic reactions by lowering protein levels; process also makes "slicker" gloves that are easier to don.

Clute Style: Seams sewn on back of glove at every finger and straight thumb; palm side constructed of one continuous piece of material.

Continuous Pull: A reinforced seam created by extending palm material and overlapping the cuff.

Continuous Thumb: Common glove construction utilizing a solid piece of leather and eliminating seam on the palm.

Cuff: Bottom fabric of a glove, designed for wrist protection.

Curing: Also called vulcanization. Compound strengthening of glove material using heat or chemicals.

Cut and Sewn: Common manufacturing process for gloves. Fabrics like canvas, jersey or leather are cut using a pattern, and the pieces sewn together to make a glove.

Cut Resistance: A glove's ability to protect a worker from sharp objects.

Degradation: Material breakdown in a glove, from frequent use or exposure to the elements.

Denim: Economical, single-layer fabric used in some leather-palm glove construction and in industrial aprons.

Dipped Gloves: Unsupported gloves manufactured by submerging a ceramic mold into a polymer. Coated gloves are created using a fabric stretched over a mold and then polymer-dipped.

Disposable Gloves: Gloves intended for discarding after a single use.

Don: Act of inserting a hand into a glove.

Donning Powder: Added to gloves to ease donning and enhance comfort of glove.

Drivers' Glove: Full-leather glove that provides excellent dexterity and abrasion resistance. Used for construction, machine operation, utility work, farming and general applications.

Duck: A launderable, single-ply cotton material used in glove construction.

Elasticity: A glove's ability to stretch and return to its natural form. Also called "Elongation".

Embossed Finish: A textured finish created in manufacture of poly gloves; helps with wet grip.

ESD: Electrostatic Discharge or static build-up, which can harm electronic components.

Extractables: Leaching of chemicals used to make gloves; a concern to critical or clean-manufacturing environments.

Fabric Weight: Usually expressed as "8-ounce", "24-ounce", etc. Refers to the weight of a full square yard of fabric from which glove is sewn.

Factory Seconds: Medical-grade gloves rejected on basis of quality; often sold as multipurpose or B-grade gloves.

FDA 510K: For medical-grade gloves, the FDA issues approval document known as a 510K. This document dictates intended use of the glove.

Finish: Outside texture of a glove.

Finger Tips: Reinforced leather protection and wear feature built into gloves.

Fleece Lining: Soft, cotton material added to leather gloves for additional warmth and to reduce abrasive chafing.

Flesh Split: Leather from layer of hide separated from outer skin or top-grain layers. Flesh split leather is typically more fragile than top grain.

Flock Lined Gloves: Gloves incorporating an inner liner to improve comfort.

Foam Lining: Internal polyurethane layer generally covered by fleece or flocked-lined with nylon to provide added warmth.

Form, Feel, and Comfort: Define overall fit, comfort and dexterity provided by the glove.

Fourchette: Additional sidewall area between top and bottom of glove fingers.

Former: Hand mold that is dipped into a polymer compound to shape the glove.

Forming: In glove manufacture, the finishing process that straightens seams and completes appearance.

Full Fashion Style: Tailored-fit glove style with sidewalls and set-in thumb.

Full First Finger: Glove style without a seam on outer finger edge. Absence of seam increases durability of heavy-wear surface.

Full Lining: Two layers of protection or a "glove within a glove".

Gauntlet Cuff: Wide band of bonded material sewn to glove as a cuff for extra protection. Design facilitates quick removal of gloves.

Glove Memory: A glove's potential to form to user's hand, providing maximum comfort and reduced fatigue.

Gunn Pattern: Features fully wrapped leather index fingers and thumbs, leather fingertips and knuckle straps, wing thumb design, shirred elastic back and continuous pull. Slightly oversized, open-cuff design allows wearer to don or remove glove quickly. Absence of back seams makes Gunn-cut gloves very comfortable. Seams are reinforced with welt on full leather and palm styles adding extra wear-resistance.

Heel or Continuous Pull: Extra leather portion of a short cuff or gauntlet leather palm glove that reinforces cuff seam while donning gloves.

Inseam construction: Seams sewn on the inside, protecting it from abrasion and wear.

Kevlar®: A synthetic, high strength used especially as a reinforcing agent in the manufacture and protective gear such as helmets, gloves and vests.

Keystone Thumbs: Reinforced inset thumbs that are double-sewn and feature twice the thickness at critical wear point for durability and added comfort.

Knit-wrist: Band of elastic material sewn as a cuff to secure glove on user's hand and prevent debris from entering the glove.

Knuckle Strap: Band of leather sewn across back of a glove to protect knuckles.

Lanolin: Common name for wool wax, which is readily absorbed into skin, conditioning user's hands as gloves are worn- common in sheepskin gloves.

Latex: A natural rubber extracted from the Havea brasiliensis tree (rubber tree).

Latex Allergy: Reactions caused in some people by contact with natural rubber latex.

Leaching: Process of cleaning latex gloves to lower potential for latex allergy.

Lining: Fabric within a glove to provide added warmth or comfort.

Low Protein: Gloves proven to contain less than 50u grams of protein, the minimum allowable claim by FDA.

Mil: Metric measurement used to determine glove thickness. 1 mil = 1/1000 inch.

Nap: Woven fibers, which appear "fluffy" in fabric gloves.

Neoprene: A synthetic rubber glove material resistant to oil, heat, and weathering.

Nitrile: Synthetic rubber used in disposable medical gloves. Nitrile is considered to be more puncture-resistant than latex and offers superior resistance to wear, tear and petrochemicals.

Nomex®: Nomex® (styled NOMEX) is a registered trademark for flame resistant meta-aramid material developed by DuPont. Nomex® is commonly used in industrial workwear and gloves.

OSHA: The Occupational Safety and Health Administration is an agency of the United States Department of Labor with the mission of preventing work-related injuries, illnesses, and occupational fatality by issuing and enforcing standards for workplace safety and health.

Out-Seam-Sewn: Seams that are sewn on the outside surface of a glove. Seldom used in work gloves because of abrasion exposure. Due to absence of an inner seam to abrade the hand, out-seam gloves are considered to be more comfortable.

Para-aramid: Para-aramid is a type of fiber that (like Kevlar®) that possesses outstanding strength to weight properties. These fibers also have excellent resistance to abrasion and no melting point. Degradation starts from 500°C.

Pile Lining: Coarse acrylic material applied to inside of gloves for added warmth.

Plasticized Cuff: A cuff reinforced by adding waterproof adhesive between two layers of fabric.

Plasticizers: Chemical components added to synthetic gloves to modify form, fit and function.

Pile: A common fleece fabric of 70% Orlon, 15% cotton and 15% polyester that adds warmth. Its preformed design molds to user's hand.

Pinhole Test: Quality control test to determine leakage in a glove.

Polyethylene: Synthetic glove material created through polymerization of ethylene.

Polymer: Synthetic material used as a coating on gloves, such as PVC, vinyl, neoprene, nitrile or rubber.

Polyvinyl Chloride: Glove compound composed of chlorine and ethylene used to create PVC gloves.

Protein Content: Refers to quantity of protein in latex rubber. Higher protein content in gloves can contribute to latex allergy.

Puncture Resistance: A glove's resistance to sharp objects.

PPE: Personal Protective Equipment that, among other things, could include gloves, eyewear and vests.

Reversible Gloves: Commonly constructed from jersey material with a single seam sewn around the glove. Reversible styling enables ambidextrous use of the glove.

Resistance: Glove's ability to shield user from chemicals or adverse work environments.

Rolled Bead Cuff: Reinforced cuff formed by rolling material up into thicker band at base of glove.

Roper's Glove: Drivers-style glove modified to include keystone thumbs; usually constructed with clute pattern of thin deer, goat or elk top grain leather.

Rubberized Cuff: Water-resistant cuff common in gauntlet and safety gloves. Two layers are bonded together with special rubber-based adhesive.

Safety Cuff: Wide band of bonded material sewn to glove as a cuff. Gloves with safety cuff Safety-cuff are designed for rapid removal.

Semi-wing Thumb: Gloves that enable natural thumb placement with no seam on palm.

Shoulder Split: Strong and durable suede leather taken from side of the cow.

Shirred Wrist: Glove that offers snug fit with elastic band sewn into wrist area on back of glove.

Side Split: Thicker and more durable than shoulder-split leather. Side-split suede is used in harsher work environments.

Siliconisation or Copolymerization: An external glove treatment that can improve comfort and grip in a wet environment.

Skin Free Contact Manufacturing: A unique manufacturing process where medical gloves are untouched by human hands.

Slip-on Style: Cuff-free glove such as drivers' gloves.

Starched Cuff: A band or safety cuff created by two layers of fabric laminated and hardened with starch.

Straight Thumb: Glove thumb is parallel to index finger; common in most fabric gloves and drivers' gloves.

String Knits: Single-body construction of fabric gloves machine- knit as opposed to sewing pieces of material together.

Supported Gloves: Gloves manufactured using a chemical-resistant shell or lining.

Tactile Sensitivity: Glove's ability to provide dexterity and a realistic feel.

Tanning: Coloring, softening and adding preservative oils to prepare leather for glove manufacture.

Tensile Strength: Glove's resistance to tearing when stretched.

Texture: Finish to glove palm that allows for improved grip.

Thermal: Material lining for gloves; designed to trap air and insulate against cold.

Thinsulate® insulation: Thinsulate® is a trademark of the 3M corporation for a synthetic fabric that is lightweight, breathable and durable providing warmth without being bulky.

Thumb Shield: Drivers' and leather palm styles often feature extra leather sewn in the thumb-to-palm seam to improve durability against abrasion.

3/4 Back: A style of leather-palm glove where back of leather wraps 3/4 of the way from fingertips to wrist.

Top Grain: Outer layer of animal hide.

Twaron: Twaron is brand name for a para-aramid, a strong, heat-resistant synthetic fiber developed in the early 1970s by Dutch company Akzo Industrial Fibers.

Unsupported Gloves: Gloves lacking a fabric lining.

Vinyl: Synthetic PVC resins used in manufacture of gloves.

Welder's Glove: Leather and gauntlet-style gloves lined to protect against heat and welding sparks.

Welt: Narrow leather strips added to seam areas to prolong glove life.

Wing Thumb: A glove offering improved comfort due to thumb diagonal across the palm. These gloves have no seams on the wearing surface, allowing better thumb dexterity.

C-TPATInternational Association of Drilling ContractorsInternational Glove AssocationISO 9001
©2015 Southern Glove All Rights Reserved
Site Designed By
749 AC Little Drive
Newton, NC 28658-3769
1 (800) 222-1113
sales@southernglove.com