Abrasion Resistance: A glove's durability against wear.
Allergen Content: Measure of glove's known allergy issues relating to its construction.
Ambidextrous: Gloves that can be interchangeably used on left or right hand.
AQL: Acceptable Quality Level standard.
ASTM: Association of Testing Materials International develops international standards for materials, products, systems and services used in construction, manufacturing and transportation.
B Grade: Medical-grade gloves that have been rejected, sometimes resold as multipurpose-grade gloves. Also a grade commonly used for a middle quality leather glove.
Barrier Integrity/Protection: Glove's ability to serve as a protective barrier for a worker.
Ball & Tape Fastener: External wrist strap used to tighten fit of full leather.
Band Top: Band of material used as cuff on a glove.
Belly Leather: Leather that is strong, resistant and adequately soft for use in gloves.
Binding: Narrow material used to taper a glove's cuff, such as on drivers' and red lined jersey styles.
Bleed: Dye transfer from glove fabric to wearer's hands.
Boardy: Stiff glove construction that limits flexibility and dexterity; typically used to describe stiff leather.
Brushed Tricot: Supple, knitted nylon tricot bound to polyfoam for extra warmth and comfort.
CE: Critical Environments; another name for a clean manufacturing environment.
Chemical Resistance: A glove's ability to resist a specific substance agent.
Chlorination: Cleaning of gloves to provide fewer allergic reactions by lowering protein levels; process also makes "slicker" gloves that are easier to don.
Clute Style: Seams sewn on back of glove at every finger and straight thumb; palm side constructed of one continuous piece of material.
Continuous Pull: A reinforced seam created by extending palm material and overlapping the cuff.
Continuous Thumb: Common glove construction utilizing a solid piece of leather and eliminating seam on the palm.
Cuff: Bottom fabric of a glove, designed for wrist protection.
Curing: Also called vulcanization. Compound strengthening of glove material using heat or chemicals.
Cut and Sewn: Common manufacturing process for gloves. Fabrics like canvas, jersey or leather are cut using a pattern, and the pieces sewn together to make a glove.
Cut Resistance: A glove's ability to protect a worker from sharp objects.
Degradation: Material breakdown in a glove, from frequent use or exposure to the elements.
Denim: Economical, single-layer fabric used in some leather-palm glove construction and in industrial aprons.
Dipped Gloves: Unsupported gloves manufactured by submerging a ceramic mold into a polymer. Coated gloves are created using a fabric stretched over a mold and then polymer-dipped.
Disposable Gloves: Gloves intended for discarding after a single use.
Don: Act of inserting a hand into a glove.
Donning Powder: Added to gloves to ease donning and enhance comfort of glove.
Drivers' Glove: Full-leather glove that provides excellent dexterity and abrasion resistance. Used for construction, machine operation, utility work, farming and general applications.
Duck: A launderable, single-ply cotton material used in glove construction.
Elasticity: A glove's ability to stretch and return to its natural form. Also called "Elongation".
Embossed Finish: A textured finish created in manufacture of poly gloves; helps with wet grip.
ESD: Electrostatic Discharge or static build-up, which can harm electronic components.
Extractables: Leaching of chemicals used to make gloves; a concern to critical or clean-manufacturing environments.
Fabric Weight: Usually expressed as "8-ounce", "24-ounce", etc. Refers to the weight of a full square yard of fabric from which glove is sewn.
Factory Seconds: Medical-grade gloves rejected on basis of quality; often sold as multipurpose or B-grade gloves.
FDA 510K: For medical-grade gloves, the FDA issues approval document known as a 510K. This document dictates intended use of the glove.
Finish: Outside texture of a glove.
Finger Tips: Reinforced leather protection and wear feature built into gloves.
Fleece Lining: Soft, cotton material added to leather gloves for additional warmth and to reduce abrasive chafing.
Flesh Split: Leather from layer of hide separated from outer skin or top-grain layers. Flesh split leather is typically more fragile than top grain.
Flock Lined Gloves: Gloves incorporating an inner liner to improve comfort.
Foam Lining: Internal polyurethane layer generally covered by fleece or flocked-lined with nylon to provide added warmth.
Form, Feel, and Comfort: Define overall fit, comfort and dexterity provided by the glove.
Fourchette: Additional sidewall area between top and bottom of glove fingers.
Former: Hand mold that is dipped into a polymer compound to shape the glove.
Forming: In glove manufacture, the finishing process that straightens seams and completes appearance.
Full Fashion Style: Tailored-fit glove style with sidewalls and set-in thumb.
Full First Finger: Glove style without a seam on outer finger edge. Absence of seam increases durability of heavy-wear surface.
Full Lining: Two layers of protection or a "glove within a glove".
Gauntlet Cuff: Wide band of bonded material sewn to glove as a cuff for extra protection. Design facilitates quick removal of gloves.
Glove Memory: A glove's potential to form to user's hand, providing maximum comfort and reduced fatigue.
Gunn Pattern: Features fully wrapped leather index fingers and thumbs, leather fingertips and knuckle straps, wing thumb design, shirred elastic back and continuous pull. Slightly oversized, open-cuff design allows wearer to don or remove glove quickly. Absence of back seams makes Gunn-cut gloves very comfortable. Seams are reinforced with welt on full leather and palm styles adding extra wear-resistance.
Heel or Continuous Pull: Extra leather portion of a short cuff or gauntlet leather palm glove that reinforces cuff seam while donning gloves.
Inseam construction: Seams sewn on the inside, protecting it from abrasion and wear.
Kevlar®: A synthetic, high strength used especially as a reinforcing agent in the manufacture and protective gear such as helmets, gloves and vests.
Keystone Thumbs: Reinforced inset thumbs that are double-sewn and feature twice the thickness at critical wear point for durability and added comfort.
Knit-wrist: Band of elastic material sewn as a cuff to secure glove on user's hand and prevent debris from entering the glove.
Knuckle Strap: Band of leather sewn across back of a glove to protect knuckles.
Lanolin: Common name for wool wax, which is readily absorbed into skin, conditioning user's hands as gloves are worn- common in sheepskin gloves.
Latex: A natural rubber extracted from the Havea brasiliensis tree (rubber tree).
Latex Allergy: Reactions caused in some people by contact with natural rubber latex.
Leaching: Process of cleaning latex gloves to lower potential for latex allergy.
Lining: Fabric within a glove to provide added warmth or comfort.
Low Protein: Gloves proven to contain less than 50u grams of protein, the minimum allowable claim by FDA.
Mil: Metric measurement used to determine glove thickness. 1 mil = 1/1000 inch.
Nap: Woven fibers, which appear "fluffy" in fabric gloves.
Neoprene: A synthetic rubber glove material resistant to oil, heat, and weathering.
Nitrile: Synthetic rubber used in disposable medical gloves. Nitrile is considered to be more puncture-resistant than latex and offers superior resistance to wear, tear and petrochemicals.
Nomex®: Nomex® (styled NOMEX) is a registered trademark for flame resistant meta-aramid material developed by DuPont. Nomex® is commonly used in industrial workwear and gloves.
OSHA: The Occupational Safety and Health Administration is an agency of the United States Department of Labor with the mission of preventing work-related injuries, illnesses, and occupational fatality by issuing and enforcing standards for workplace safety and health.
Out-Seam-Sewn: Seams that are sewn on the outside surface of a glove. Seldom used in work gloves because of abrasion exposure. Due to absence of an inner seam to abrade the hand, out-seam gloves are considered to be more comfortable.
Para-aramid: Para-aramid is a type of fiber that (like Kevlar®) that possesses outstanding strength to weight properties. These fibers also have excellent resistance to abrasion and no melting point. Degradation starts from 500°C.
Pile Lining: Coarse acrylic material applied to inside of gloves for added warmth.
Plasticized Cuff: A cuff reinforced by adding waterproof adhesive between two layers of fabric.
Plasticizers: Chemical components added to synthetic gloves to modify form, fit and function.
Pile: A common fleece fabric of 70% Orlon, 15% cotton and 15% polyester that adds warmth. Its preformed design molds to user's hand.
Pinhole Test: Quality control test to determine leakage in a glove.
Polyethylene: Synthetic glove material created through polymerization of ethylene.
Polymer: Synthetic material used as a coating on gloves, such as PVC, vinyl, neoprene, nitrile or rubber.
Polyvinyl Chloride: Glove compound composed of chlorine and ethylene used to create PVC gloves.
Protein Content: Refers to quantity of protein in latex rubber. Higher protein content in gloves can contribute to latex allergy.
Puncture Resistance: A glove's resistance to sharp objects.
PPE: Personal Protective Equipment that, among other things, could include gloves, eyewear and vests.
Reversible Gloves: Commonly constructed from jersey material with a single seam sewn around the glove. Reversible styling enables ambidextrous use of the glove.
Resistance: Glove's ability to shield user from chemicals or adverse work environments.
Rolled Bead Cuff: Reinforced cuff formed by rolling material up into thicker band at base of glove.
Roper's Glove: Drivers-style glove modified to include keystone thumbs; usually constructed with clute pattern of thin deer, goat or elk top grain leather.
Rubberized Cuff: Water-resistant cuff common in gauntlet and safety gloves. Two layers are bonded together with special rubber-based adhesive.
Safety Cuff: Wide band of bonded material sewn to glove as a cuff. Gloves with safety cuff Safety-cuff are designed for rapid removal.
Semi-wing Thumb: Gloves that enable natural thumb placement with no seam on palm.
Shoulder Split: Strong and durable suede leather taken from side of the cow.
Shirred Wrist: Glove that offers snug fit with elastic band sewn into wrist area on back of glove.
Side Split: Thicker and more durable than shoulder-split leather. Side-split suede is used in harsher work environments.
Siliconisation or Copolymerization: An external glove treatment that can improve comfort and grip in a wet environment.
Skin Free Contact Manufacturing: A unique manufacturing process where medical gloves are untouched by human hands.
Slip-on Style: Cuff-free glove such as drivers' gloves.
Starched Cuff: A band or safety cuff created by two layers of fabric laminated and hardened with starch.
Straight Thumb: Glove thumb is parallel to index finger; common in most fabric gloves and drivers' gloves.
String Knits: Single-body construction of fabric gloves machine- knit as opposed to sewing pieces of material together.
Supported Gloves: Gloves manufactured using a chemical-resistant shell or lining.
Tactile Sensitivity: Glove's ability to provide dexterity and a realistic feel.
Tanning: Coloring, softening and adding preservative oils to prepare leather for glove manufacture.
Tensile Strength: Glove's resistance to tearing when stretched.
Texture: Finish to glove palm that allows for improved grip.
Thermal: Material lining for gloves; designed to trap air and insulate against cold.
Thinsulate® insulation: Thinsulate® is a trademark of the 3M corporation for a synthetic fabric that is lightweight, breathable and durable providing warmth without being bulky.
Thumb Shield: Drivers' and leather palm styles often feature extra leather sewn in the thumb-to-palm seam to improve durability against abrasion.
3/4 Back: A style of leather-palm glove where back of leather wraps 3/4 of the way from fingertips to wrist.
Top Grain: Outer layer of animal hide.
Twaron: Twaron is brand name for a para-aramid, a strong, heat-resistant synthetic fiber developed in the early 1970s by Dutch company Akzo Industrial Fibers.
Unsupported Gloves: Gloves lacking a fabric lining.
Vinyl: Synthetic PVC resins used in manufacture of gloves.
Welder's Glove: Leather and gauntlet-style gloves lined to protect against heat and welding sparks.
Welt: Narrow leather strips added to seam areas to prolong glove life.
Wing Thumb: A glove offering improved comfort due to thumb diagonal across the palm. These gloves have no seams on the wearing surface, allowing better thumb dexterity.